Monday, May 3, 2010

Wisran Hadi

From the Literary Artist
By Yurnaldi
Wisran Hadi, one of Indonesia's leading poet and playwright, the date of the next 17 to 23 September will be a guest in Thailand. He was designated as a recipient of the South East Asian (SEA) Write Award in 2000.
"It turned out for an outstanding creative work and not have to go to Jakarta, in the area can, too. The place did not determine, that determines the quality of work and work without interruption," said Hadi Wisran when contacted Kompas, Tuesday (1 / 8), in Padang .
Wisran Hadi is a writer and playwright urang second crew award recipients SEA Write Award in 2000 after AA Navis who received a similar award in 1992. SEA Write Award is the highest award given to authors Thailand ASEAN. Year 1999, the SEA Write Award recipients are Seno Gumira Adjidarma writers.
According Wisran, he was awarded not for writing books that became best, but because of continuity in the editorial world. It is also determined by the background, culture, the author depicted in his works and the value / quality literature contained in these works.
Wisran Hadi, who was born in Lapai, Kildare, dated July 20, 55 years ago, has been involved in the editorial world since last 26 years, finish Indonesian Academy of Fine Arts (ASRI), Yogyakarta, in 1974. His first works, Echoes, won a play writing contest held IKJ 1975. Over 10 years later, he won consecutive drama scriptwriting contest. Until 2000, over 20 script plays to win the race.
Pass The Jar - Zac Brown Band and Friends Live From the Fabulous Fox Theatre in AtlantaBesides writing plays, Wisran also wrote novels and short stories. Guests novel, in addition to previously published serialized in a national newspaper, also published in book form. Another novel that has been recorded is the Faith, Four Plays The Malays, and Simpang. August 2000 will be published this month People Belanti novel.
Wisran short story published in print and has been recorded by the issuer with the titles Malaysian Mahogany Leaves Fall Again. Beyond that, he had more 10 years as a visiting professor at the University of Andalas, Padang.*  Kompas, Wednesday, August 2, 2000

From the Theatre Artists
By Ivan Adilla,  Andalas University Faculty of Letters
Wisran Hadi (Lapai, Padang, July 27, 1945) is an artist who is active in several fields of art, but his career that stands out is in the field of literature and theater. He is also known as a humanist.
Wisran Hadi was the third child of thirteen siblings who grew up in a devout family environment in the religion. His father, Haji Idris Darwas (Hadi) was the high priest of Muhammadiyah mosque, Kildare, hadith scholars and commentators as well as initiators and founders of the Faculty of Sharia Muhammadiyah University, Padang. Primary to secondary education she lived in the Valley by completing elementary school, junior high schools Public and School Teachers of Religion. after that she continued her studies at the Academy of Fine Arts of Indonesia (ASRI) and graduated in year 1969.Berbagai profession he had ever lived, all hooked up with the world of education and journalism. Graduated from the ASRI, he became a professor at the School of Fine Arts of Indonesia (SSRI) (1970-1971), and INS Planting Wood (1971-1978). After that he worked as an editorial staff HarianSinggalang (1979-1983), Executive Secretary and lecturer at the Bunda College of Tourism, Kildare (1983-1985), extraordinary professor of the Faculty of Letters University of Newcastle (1985-1995), and editor of cultural magazine Limbago Minangkabau ( 1987-1989), as well as extraordinary professor of the Faculty of Letters University of Bung Hatta (1996-1998). Years 1997-2001, he pioneered and became extraordinary professor at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Newcastle for the course Indigenous Culture and Minangkabau, a local content of courses that are expected to give insight to students about society and culture of Minangkabau. As of May 2001 was invited as an Expert Panel of Assessors for Foreign and since July 2001 until now as the Academy of Art Pensyarah Kebangsaan Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. While teaching he was also involved as a stylist and artistic director of several performances and give workshops for modern theater in the various states in Malaysia.
Wisran Hadi has received numerous awards and scholarships for his achievements as a poet and teaterawan. Among the awards that have been reached for the SEA Write Award, the highest for Asian literature peghargaan Tengrara from the King of Thailand, (2000), the International Writing Program at The University of Iowa, Iowa City, United States (1977-1978), Modern theater in New Observations York's top sponsor of the Asian Cultural Council (1978). Invited to do the same sponsor Comparative Study of Modern American Theatre and Japan (1986-1987), Literary Writing Award from the Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia (1991).
His career in art started from the fields of art, as he continue his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts of Indonesia (ASRI), Yogyakarta. Since he joined the show with students in Malang (1967), Surakarta (1968) and the Taman Ismail Marzuki (1969). Finish of the ASRI he returned to Padang and continued his career as an artist by holding several exhibitions held in the Valley (1970, 1971, 1973, 1975). Some who never attended art iven dalah West Sumatra Artists Exhibition (Taman Ismail Marzuki, Jakarta, 1976), Sumatra Painters Exhibition (Hall of Culture and Taman Ismail Marzuki, Jakarta, 1976), Biennale artist Indonesia (Taman Ismail Marzuki, Jakarta, 1976), Painting Exhibition Wisran Hadi (Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta, 1976). Work senirupanya enough attention so that some of the works become the Jakarta Arts Council collection. In his capacity as an artist, Wisran several times involved as an art director for several performances. Among them, staging Bagindo Chairul Aziz Chan works of Aaron (1972), drama-dance works Hurijah Adam Malin Kundang (1972), and Angun Nan A. Tongga works Chaniago HR (1973). He also designed the design for the monument Bangindo Azis Chan (Field, 1973), Relief Struggle for Independence (Bukittinggi, 1974) as well as designing the cover for a book of poetry whistle (Abrar Yusra, 1975) and Paco-Paco (Hamid Jabbar, 1975).
Lil Davinci Art Cabinet 8.5" x 11"At a later period Wisran Hadi focus activities in the field of theater and literature. Hadi Wisran introduction with theater began with his introduction to the social and Putu Wijaya, Arifin C. Noer, Abdul Hadi, Rendra Chairul Umam and who are the activists and members of student theater groups in Yogyakarta. Gifts were then developed as guiding students to prepare a staging SSRI in the context of school activities. After that he joined the Theatre Workshop of Padang (1972-1973), Study of Padang Theatre (1973-1974), and Padang Theatre (1974-1975). On 10 November 1975, Wisran Hadi and some writers (Hamid Jabbar (late), Raudha Thaib, Haris Effendi Thahar, Darman Moenir, Alin A. De and Herisman Is) founded the Earth Theatre, whose activities cover the fields of literature, art, theater and music. Until now Wisran Hadi was the leadership of artistic director and arranger in the group. Shared Earth Tetaer, Wisran Hadi has performed in various cities in Indonesia and several neighboring countries, such as Padang, Medan, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Kuala Lumpur. Throughout 28 years together Theatre Earth, at least Wisran Hadi has directed 30 theatrical performances are staged group, so often didentikkan Earth Theatre with Wisran Hadi.
Under the tutelage of Wisran Hadi, Earth Theatre grew as a group to be reckoned with and respected in the theater of Indonesia. Earth Theatre is the oldest theater groups outside Java which is still active and is always invited to perform in various theaters in Indonesia iven. Hadi Wisran directing the work of attention from many observers and Indonesian theater lover, so he is often invited to express thoughts and views in various forums theater. For the yang directed staging, Hadi Wisran explore various cultural treasures of Minangkabau society and philosophy into modern performances. He utilizes and reworks Randai different conceptions in the game, Indang, invocation platter, crib toys kaliang (carousel) to music Talempong, genggong and tasa. He also developed the concept of Minangkabau philosophy about the position and role of man as a basic processing stage roles in modern theater. Direction marked the birth concept was formulated in the form of essays delivered at the Forum Theatre Conference in 1986 in Padang with the title 'Theatre Democratic Conception A Preliminary Discussion'. Essay is a valuable contribution to the development of the concept of theater in Indonesia. This concept is a valuable contribution conveyed in a paper is a valuable contribution in the development of the mind theater in Indonesia.
Among the things that stood out theatrical works Wisran Hadi is the choice of symbolic form, the game grouping of religious ethics and maintain consistency in every performance. Background knowledge and experiences as an artist gives a big contribution in performing the various alternatives for the development of symbolic theater Wisran Hadi. Options at once allows him to consistently maintain religious ethics to avoid scenes that are considered taboo or not in accordance with the ethics of religion (Islam) and turn it into a symbolic form. The choice of game is a development of the concept of grouping Randai which he viewed as a form of democratic theater. But that option was also criticized by some quarters for not being able to bring about a strong actor.
Starry Night, c. 1889 Art Styles Poster Print by Vincent van Gogh, 36x24Some of the staging, directed by Hadi Wisran wide receiving comments from various circles because it was considered controversial. Performing Imam Bonjol (Padang and Jakarta in 1982, 1995) receiving comments from the cultural, art observers, historians have given to local governments in various mass media and discussion forums. At least there are 40 comments on the show, a large amount of a show for a theater. Other performances also led to controversy is viewed Puti Youngest (1978), Dara Orange (1984), Song Peninsula (1986), while staging Bath Wind (1999) was praised for providing an interesting and refreshing alternative to using the play for theatrical comedy. Besides actively with the modern theater, Wisran also involved with traditional theater Randai. He never joined the group Star Randai Hope, New Light, and Young Agreed as an advisor and script writer.
Except in the early period of his career, almost all the staging, directed by Hadi Wisran departed from the script he wrote himself. Wisran Hadi was a prominent writer and stay productive. Until now he has written about 90 plays, daalam Indonesian and Minangkabau. He is the only writer who won a scriptwriting contest prize drama Jakarta Arts Council for 10 consecutive years, since 1975-19 ..... Until now, the script 15 plays Script Writing Competition Prize-winning drama is ......, ....... Things that stand out from dramas Wisran is poetic language and form that dipilihnhya parody. His plays last show kecenderunganya to play with words berbgai possible meanings. For example the street called Straight and Bath of the Winds.
Some awards yan reach, Gifts from Foundations book utaa IKAPI and national education Depatemen novel remedy Guest (1997), literature prize for Best Book for Drama category in the country for meeting writers Straight Road (1997), Script Writing Competition Winners The play Gading Cempaka Indonesia to script (1996) and children's drama Where Mama (1996). For ten consecutive years, between 1975-1985,, script Writing Competition award-winning drama The play script Indonesia Jakarta kesesnian Council held on the manuscript Echoes, Ring, Universities, Cindua Mato, master Kundang, Heir, Anggun nan Tongga, Peneyberangkan, Song Peninsula, and Imam Bonjol.
Literature: Approaches to Fiction, Poetry, and DramaDrama is superbly published a book: Four Plays The Malays (Bandung: Angkasa, 2000), Bath Wind (Padang, West Sumatra arts Council, 1999), Straight (Bandung: Angkasa, 1997), Baeram, Kumpla 8 drama Short (New York : Depatemen Education and Kbudayaaan, 1982), Titian (London: Department for Education and Cultural, 1982), Heir (Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Cultural, 1981), Puti Island resident foreigners (Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Cultural, 1981), Anggun Nan Tongga (Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1982), Puti Youngest (Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1978). Since 1971, nearly 50 manuscripts have staged his plays. He directed about 20 perteunjukan performed with several theater groups and has been doing the show to various cities in Indonesia and tetanga negra. Besides, he also entered the film world as a player, a screenwriter and sutrdara. Among the scenarios that have been filmed there is not wasted (Pertraian Information center hall, Padang, 1982), Anggun nan Tongga (Televisi Republik Indonesia, 1983), Mato Cindua (TVRI, 1998), Four plays vicar War (TVRI, 2004) , as well as the Friends harun berbperan in Titian Seranbut lTujuh split, (Sutadara General Chairul, 1982). Bujang Dam Se; sometimes short periods. MATO Cindu dkomenter film (director, Khaterine Sternger Fry, Ketty Production, Canada, 1985).
Besides writing plays, wisran also wrote poetry, short stories and novels. His poetry is collected in simalakama (INS Educator Room, Wood Plant, 1975). Short story published in the Daily Singgalang, Kompas, Media Indonesia, Republika, and the literary magazine Horison (Jakarta) and culture magazine Limbago Minangkabau (Padang,). Collection of short stories have been published, Leaf-Leaf Mahogany Fall Again (Fajar Sdn Bhd Bhakti. Kuala Lumpur, 1998), Teachers' Three Headed (Balai Pustaka, Jakarta), as well as in anthologies Whisperer (Publisher Republika, Jakarta). Several of his novels have also been published. His first novel, Guest (Pustaka Utama Grafiti, Jakarta, 1996) won an award from the Foundation Main Book. Another novel is the Men Blanti (Citra Cultural Foundation of Indonesia, Padang), Women's Affairs (Pustaka Firdaus, Jakarta), Priest (Pustaka Firdaus, Jakarta). From the Land Bank (published in serialized in the Daily Singggalang March 15 -20 May 1998). WH novel has a storytelling style that not many other authors do. People of faith and take the pattern Blanti biographies and diaries that were mixed with the form of writing scientific papers. Wisran is a bit of writers who can write in Indonesian and local languages. Minangkabau language Tuulisannya in the form of a serial story entitled Jilatang, published daily in the form of a column in Padang Ekspress. He also wrote several scripts Randai Minang language.
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing (11th Edition)Wisran Hadi, also known as the cultural thinkers of mind, pithy and straightforward criticism. As a cultural thinker, he is often invited to present papers on issues of culture and art in the various forums in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta and Kuala Lumpur. His thinking about culture was also born in the form of essays and articles published in various media and magazine .***
West Sumatra Never Lack Writer
By Sihar Ramses Simatupang
His name was chosen as one of the artists who won awards from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Minang bloody prose writer this is one artist who consistently worked until his old age.
Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing (9th Edition)Upon receiving the award at the Cultural Congress V some time ago, Wisran Hadi could not hide his feelings that flowered. "I am very proud. Terlepaslah how the award and who gave them, "he said.
Other awards ever received came from the Kingdom of Thailand in the form of South East Asia Write Award in 2000. He became the second Minang writer who received the prestigious prize after AA Navis in 1992.
Being a writer may already be a twist of fate. In this case, his father gave a great impact. "My father, Darwas Idris, was a scholar and it is said in those days he was an expert in the hadeeth narrated from two experts in Indonesia. The other one is in Ponorogo hadith experts, "he said.
Time School Teacher of Religion (SGA) - commensurate high school, Wisran been required to read books that have not even fit with the natural mind. In fact, one time in junior class, she was told to read the Bible, the Torah reading, when her father scholars. "I am asked why I was asked to read it, my dad answered, 'So you know'," recalls writer born in Padang, July 27, 1945.
In addition, he also was given a book about Muktazillah flow, the flow of Islamic philosophical. Lots of reading such books, so for Wisran, was very influential for her.
However, the principle of religion is very strong among the Minang community. As philosophy, customs and syarak bersendikan bersendikan syarak Book of Allah. Book of Quran is indeed the rest of life for existing communities in the Valley including Wisran Hadi and his family life.
Novel Delayed
Currently, Wisran was written three novels. However, looks like a road in place. There are still thirty pages, some fifty. Teaching activities as well as an increasing body resistance weakened into one factor. Besides, writing a pending job, he says, are common.
"When the rest of you, I often worked until morning," he said. When asked about the titles of his works that have not published it, with smiles, a playwright who later wrote many novels and short stories were then told that he was not willing to mention the title of his work.
Wisran once wrote a collection of plays titled Four People Melayu contains four plays: "Song Peninsula", "Dara Orange", "Gading Cempaka", and "Cindua Mato" (which makes it awarded the South East Asian (SEA) Write Award in 2000.
His novel has ever recorded, among others, called Guest, Faith, Four Plays The Malays, and Simpang. Short stories are often published in print media and publishers Malaysia recorded titled Mahogany Autumn Leaves Again.
Indonesian Academy of Fine Arts alumnus (now Institut Seni Indonesia) in Yogyakarta, his plays have won 12 manuscripts Writing Competition held dramatizations Indonesia Jakarta Arts Council (DKJ) from 1976 until 1998, joined the International Writing Program at Iowa University, Iowa, USA in 1977 and never followed the observations of modern American theater in 1978 and Japanese theaters in 1987. He also never got the Prize of Literature in 1991 from the Center for Language Development Depdikbud because the work of his play book Straight Literature Prize in 1991 from the Center for Language Development Depdikbud and made the best drama of the book on Poets Nusantara Conference, 1997.
His work was known to be very critical, including in writing about cultural issues in society. For example, when he lifted his plays critically entitled Cindua Mato depicting the figure as a figure of great Bundo Kanduang Minangkabau society or drama that also works the other side of Tuanku Imam Bonjol with heroism and weakness. "I prefer to raise the character of reflection and contemplation rather than just my work on politics and social phenomena only a moment," he said.
Discourse and the New Generation
West Sumatra has become the source of the author in the heyday Balai Pustaka. When present, rarely heard of letters from Minang which acting in the national literature, it appears the opinion that numbers have declined.
Hadi Wisran not agree with such opinions. He said that is irrelevant to compare two different times that. "When asked what the young people now, many books published now, including literary books. But if there are parents who pointed about what is being done by young people, do they never read the works of new writers? "Said Wisran.
He also blamed the press. Why are many people who do not want to press the authors raise young age? In view of Wisran, probably among young people in the field of the press itself, there is a kind of competition in his subconscious with other young people. "Moreover, the poet's eccentric young man, who ultimately was not loved by journalists," said the man who was a visiting professor at the University of Andalas Padang.
But he did not doubt that there are patterns of current discourse, since for him all the generations in the world that way right now, especially in developing countries. He did not even see a decrease in the quality of the discourse of the current generation, there is only change. "That task of observers or journalists, to see their quality, then lost and not published so far," tudingnya to SH.
He then told me there are writers who say that the writer's predecessor in force in 2003 was not the same as the past. "Well why writers today are not like Hamka. Other dong, Hamka Hamka yes, "he said.
The author now, from West Sumatra, just for example, are seen protruding from the past generation from Gus TF Sakai, Munir Dar, Khairul Jasmi and more. They, who do not read the predecessor generation, directly judge finally saw the current generation experiencing a crisis of quality and quantity.
To have a policy, when asked why he does not take part only in the structural arts and culture, Wisran even say, "Not acceptable, not just in art institutions, I even intend to be governor, but there are people who choose not to me. Employment in government, I also want such a high-ranking officials, the use of cars, "he said, with a satirical tone.
What matters, he suggested, in the literature do not have a political mind. Regeneration, to him, is the political mind. In the literature, art and culture, there's no such thing as regeneration. There is no need to pay attention to the younger generation, because there's nothing himself noticed. "If the media or the public's need to deal with the younger generation," he added.
Poets and Celebrities
Wisran then criticize sexuality themes raised by young writers today. "What's the difference with pornography. Oh, he thought he dared to express about it. Cook issues about men and women are disclosed, whereas the prophet Adam, too, the problem did not change too, "said Wisran.
Because the same problem, she wondered if it was disclosed. With the distinction, for Wisran, forms of pornography stimulates the moment, but works of art to stimulate our thoughts.
About the work of the people appointed to the current generation, Wisran another comment. According to him, this is one of the working people of newspapers, who had been impressed not selective in publishing them. Furthermore, he said that the notion of "celebrity" is "the only movie star people", and the most widely rumored is a "woman". That, for him, there is still within the framework of sexuality. "What celebrities have raised issues about his thinking. At most activities who are appointed, it was not thinking, "said Wisran.
Indeed it seems good for the paper. Wisran also claim to love to see. But, with no discourse, news about them in newspapers, twelve o'clock that night was gone and replaced by the news the next day.
"Well, compare with the thinkers of our young ones before, maybe his thinking is wrong, maybe their minds are not perfect, is not unusual. Young people where there is perfect. Why not be the place for them? Why should singer dangdut, the problem of classification is rocking just been made now. For this nation to what it was? "He said.
About the many generations of authors who have established his generation, using a literary phenomenon keselebritian recently, recognized also by Wisran. Perhaps the perpetrator to benefit from the celebrity endorsement like that. ***
Tuanku Imam Bonjol Story
Tuanku Imam Bonjol habit of always asking when his son came home from the battlefield chaplain is a fascinating story, so that the National Writers Wisran Hadi raised this in a TV soap opera.
"Behind the heroism of Imam Bonjol against the Dutch, it turns out from the depths of his heart emits light of human values that the full meaning of holiness. It is worthy of further inherited by the younger generation," said Hadi Wisran at the event about the soap opera dialogue TVRI Imam Bonjol in Padang, Thursday.
This soap opera, according Wisran, will be broadcast on TVRI center next month. Something interesting things from soap operas that made these four episodes are the light of human values emanating from a scholar of Minangkabau origin.
Imam Bonjol soap opera is not the highlight scene `bloody` but which were shown from the other side's thoughts about the clash between the religion and customs in the Bonjol, Pasaman once, "said Wisran.
In a dialogue entitled "Considering Four plays Padri War" by Hadi Wisran held TVRI and moderated Padang Purnama Head TVRI Suardi, it also appears the National Historian Anhar barking, senior director (film) and director Khairul Umam Pamuncak Television Alwi.
According Wisran, so the appearance of this soap opera can be seen very well, he was forced to learn intensively about Islam and adat Minangkabau so easy to find problems in order to give birth drama dialogues in order to enrich knowledge.
Wisran interested Tuanku Imam Bonjol picked this story because this is still untapped for more in the nature of the inner personality of Tuanku Imam Bonjol which was very humane, in addition spitualisme character and heroism.
This character of humanism, which also said Wisran lecturer in the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, it is clear once ineffable in history, after the war, Tuanku Imam Bonjol always asking about her children.
"This is actually really touches me because Tuanku Imam Bonjol has a humanitarian nature of the height of his family (his son), in addition to always ride with a sword on the battlefield. This is really an intellectual movement` `sword, he said.
He added that once the government habits, if a fighter captured the Dutch colonialists then they could be crowned as national heroes while others were not necessarily.
Anhar barking, said in sinetrons "Considering Four plays Padri War" was, Wisran well impressed to find her identity as Muslims and as a person the Minang.
"The key issue is not the history of the war against the Dutch clergyman, but the findings of the most important is the struggle within the internal environment between the religions and customs to easily pitted sheep by the Dutch," he said.
Meanwhile, interest in the soap opera that is the interpretation of history by Wisran Hadi, where the cause of discord is not just the Netherlands but came also from the internal religious and customary that.
"This time it shows soap operas Wisran different history can at least primarily in an effort to broaden the meaning of history itself," he said.
Synopsis Four Sinetron "Considering Four plays Padri War" written Wisran Hadi includes four synopsis, which tells about the university Koto Tuo lord, my lord Hunting Renceh Nan, Tuanku Imam Bonjol Recognition and crossing the Sultan Abdul Jalil.
It is said that, my lord Renceh Nan is an important figure in the history of the Padri War with its famous figure in running the firm and harsh religion and became a leader of the Tiger Nan Salapan set of eight well-known universities.
Because the Netherlands is not captured, and the Netherlands providing misinformation to the great man like that Tuanku Nan Renceh brother had killed his mother for not forbidden to eat betel leaves.
Recording the history of the wrong that has caused a young man tried to dive into the life of Nan Renceh lord, but in the end he dragged and lost in history to have to bear the risk of error.
Synopsis Recognition Tuanku Imam Bonjol, where the long struggle full of heroism, treachery ended with the Dutch managed to catch him. He is a reflection of persistence of a leader pin, scholars in Islamic teachings uphold and defend well against invaders.
While it was "crossing the Sultan Abdul Jalil" tells more conflict between the Sultan Abdul Jalli forced to deal with his biological sister myself because pitted Dutch sheep.
Although Bonjol has fallen into the hands of Holland to cripple defenses in Lintau Padri, but Sultan Abdul Jalil persisted in a large mosque with the congregation that nurtured.
Wisran Hadi (born in Padang, West Sumatra, July 27, 1945) is one of the artist/ umanist who won an award from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Indonesia and several awards from abroad, such as from Thailand. Minang bloody prose writer this is one artist who consistently worked until his old age.
Wisran once wrote a collection of plays titled Four People Melayu contains four plays: "Song Peninsula", "Dara Orange", "Gading Cempaka", and "Cindua Mato" (which makes it awarded the South East Asian (SEA) Write Award in 2000.
His novel has ever recorded, among others, called Guest, Priest, Four Plays The Malays, and Simpang. Short stories are often published in print media and publishers Malaysia recorded titled Mahogany Autumn Leaves Again.
Graduates of Indonesian Arts Academy (now the Indonesian Art Institute), Yogyakarta, 12 drama scripts never won Writing Competition, held dramatizations Indonesia Jakarta Arts Council (DKJ) from 1976 until 1998, joined the International Writing Program at Iowa University, Iowa, in 1987 AS Jepang .

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